Understanding HMRC Valuations: A Step-by-Step Guide

This article discusses everything you need to know about HMRC valuation.

Have you considered launching an employee share plan in the UK but still determining how to calculate share? Share valuations are essential when deciding how many shares or stock options to grant to a particular employee. For taxation implications, the price workers contribute to obtaining their claim will be significant. The entity in charge of setting the market value of shares for private firms and approving your suggested share valuation is HMRC Shares and Assets Valuation (SAV).

The British government supports programs like EMI, CSOP, and SIP to promote option grants from companies to its employees in the UK. Your business will need an HMRC valuation to make the most of an EMI, CSOP, and SIP plan and profit from its tax advantages for your business and workers.

This article discusses everything you need to know about HMRC valuation, including HMRC valuation methods, the benefits of HMRC valuation, and how to send HMRC valuation reports.

HMRC valuation in the UK

Business valuations approved by HMRC for granting options under an EMI, SIP, or CSOP plan in the UK are called HMRC valuations. HMRC valuation is not compulsory for a business operating in the UK; however, it can offer significant tax benefits to the company and its employees. In this article, we will understand HMRC valuation regarding EMI and SIP schemes in detail.

What is HMRC?

The British government’s tax agency is Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC). HM Revenue and Customs Service (HMRC) is the government department in charge of implementing tax and customs rules and ensuring that businesses pay their employees at least the legally mandated minimum wage.

In 2005, the Inland Revenue and the Board of Customs and Excise merged to become HMRC; before, these two organizations were responsible for collecting domestic taxes and international customs duties, respectively.

How does HMRC work?

The HMRC guarantees that the tax policies are administered and maintained in the most efficient manner possible. This capacity ensures that taxes are collected promptly and the revenues are sent to the Treasury. It also guarantees a steady stream of money to pay for public services. Additional functions of the tax-related department of HMRC are to inform and provide information to individuals regarding their tax-paying obligations.

Income tax, corporate tax, tax on capital gains, inheritance tax, VAT or value-added tax, excise fees, stamp duty on land tax, airline passenger duty, and the climate change levy are all collected by HRMC.

Special considerations for HMRC

Through its tax collection, enforcement, and compliance initiatives, HMRC plays a crucial role in facilitating the smooth transfer of funds to the Chancellor of the Exchequer. The steady flow of money into the Treasury depends on the government successfully collecting taxes and punishing those who don’t pay when they should.

Payment of benefits and tax credits helps those eligible in a very concrete way. National interests are safeguarded, legitimate international commerce is encouraged when customs laws are enforced, and smugglers are identified and punished.

HMRC valuation

HMRC valuation can provide significant benefits when you’re planning to award your employees share options with EMI and SIP schemes. For HMRC approval, share valuation is determined using various financial data. The best time to obtain a business valuation is before awarding any option grants to employees. Let’s discuss what’s needed in detail.

What is HMRC valuation?

To award option grants in the United Kingdom under an EMI, CSOP, or SIP plan, the phrase “HMRC valuation” refers to any business valuation authorized by HMRC. Your company’s share option grant price is based on the valuation.

Technically speaking, HMRC valuations are optional. Even without a valuation certified by HMRC, you may set up an EMI and SIP program and give workers ownership. However, it can offer you and your employees significant tax benefits, which is why most companies apply for it. Establishing an ESOP before awarding any option grants to employees is the best time to get a business valuation.

Eqvista provides assistance with all your HMRC valuation requirements and ensures that the report you submit is both accurate and precise. Our team comprises professional valuation specialists with extensive experience working with firms of different sizes and phases.

Benefits of HMRC valuations

Before awarding options to workers, your company may have an agreed-upon share valuation from HMRC, among the most significant advantages of an EMI options system. There are two critical upsides to obtaining this HMRC valuation:

  • Option holders are content with their options’ worth at exercise.
  • Given that the share valuation is done with proper procedures, employees (and the firm itself) may be sure their tax status will remain unchanged.

What is the EMI share options scheme?

HMRC’s Enterprise Management Incentive (EMI) share option plan provides a tax-efficient way for companies in the United Kingdom to offer stock options to their workers. It’s meant to help out local firms and makes offering stock options a more enticing way to draw in and retain top talent.

You may award options to workers under an “unapproved” plan, but doing so would not provide them the same tax benefits that HMRC-approved EMI would.

The fundamental distinction between an EMI and an unapproved plan is that HMRC will sanction a share valuation under the EMI. This may establish the strike price at which workers’ options can be exercised.

EMI valuation validation

If you want an EMI valuation, fill out the form VAL231. For any shares subject to options that include limitations that reduce their market value, you must suggest both the unrestricted market value and the accurate market value of such shares. EMI valuations are compelling for 90 days following the date of the arrangement.

Tax benefits of EMI options

Your company may save money on Corporation Tax (CT) by deducting the employee’s share purchase price from the share’s market value at the point when they exercise. Employees are not required to pay taxes on stock options when issued. Options are preferable to shares to gain equity since they need no initial investment. As a distinct advantage, EMI options are subject to lower tax rates than options provided outside of a formal plan.

How do you get qualified for the EMI scheme?

There’s a list of qualifications for EMI schemes for both businesses and employees. Here’s a concise checklist for EMI scheme qualification.

  • For issuing companies:
    • Based in and trading in the UK.
    • Have less than 250 employees at the time of granting options
    • £30M or lesser possessions in gross assets
    • EMI share allocation should be £3M or less
    • Cannot be possessed by a parent (holding) firm or a 51% or more excellent subsidiary of another business.
    • In the case of having subsidiaries, they should meet the requirements
    • After granting options, HMRC must be notified in 92 days
    • Not trade in certain companies as listed here
  • For Employees:
    • Hold legal employee status
    • Provides work 25 hours or more per week or 75% of their time
    • Can hold only 30% or fewer company shares

What is SIP valuation?

Employees may purchase shares in the employer firm or a company’s parent organization in a tax-advantaged manner via a share incentive scheme (SIP). Since SIPs are meant to be made available to all workers, they are often run by major corporations.

Tax benefits may be available if the SIP is correctly reported to HMRC by the relevant legislation. Shares subject to a SIP award may need to be appraised in various scenarios. It is necessary to do a share valuation when an award is granted and sometimes when the shares are no longer subject to a SIP.

SIP valuation validation

To obtain a SIP valuation, you will need to fill out form VAL230 and provide the following data:

  • A history of the subject to help explain your suggestion
  • Suggested share price

Valuations for SIPs may continue for up to 6 months but will expire sooner if a significant event occurs that is expected to affect the value of shares. After a substantial change, you must reapply to have your stock evaluated.

When is SIP valuation required?

The stock covered by a SIP award must be assessed in various situations. When an award is given, and after the shares are no longer part of a SIP, valuations will be required. For valuation, the first step is to determine how many shares will be granted. Then make sure that all applicable legal restrictions are met. You will also need to assess your income tax burden. Shares of partnership interests used in SIPs may need to be valued monthly for specific firms.

Tax benefits of SIP valuation

You will not be charged national insurance or income tax on the worth of the shares acquired via SIP if you retain the assets in the scheme for five years. In addition, if you hold onto your shares in the scheme until you trade them, you will not be subject to capital gains tax.

However, you may be required to pay Capital Gains Tax if you remove them from the plan, retain them, and then sell those if their value has risen.

HMRC valuation reports

Whether you send in your valuation report through email or regular mail, HMRC’s approval process may take two to four weeks from the submission date. The HMRC agreement letter often states that the valuation is suitable for 90 days. Generally speaking, no exceptions will be made to this.

HMRC Valuation can be highly beneficial ,so always choose experts Guidence.Eqvista’s valuation report will provide all the information you need to make informed tax decisions. The report is detailed and easy to understand so you can be confident in your choices. We prioritize clarity and simplicity in our language, so you can rest assured that the report will be easy to read.

Values HMRC reports must include

To get a professional valuation report done, you can do it independently, have your accountant do it, or hire a professional valuation firm. There should be two things in the report’s valuation section:

  • Unrestricted Market Value (UMV) – To calculate UMV, we assume that all of the shares may be purchased and sold at any time at the current market price of the firm, with no restrictions. This is the highest limit that may be spent on stock options by either an individual (£250,000) or the corporation (£3,000,000).
  • Actual Market Value (AMV) – Given that (for instance) any shares sold through EMI will constitute a small part of the business’s total equity and could be readily marketable on exercise, the AMV will not exceed the UMV but may even be much lower. Their AMV determines the exercise price of the shares for income tax purposes.

The Best HMRC Valuation Service with Eqvista!

At Eqvista, we provide professional assistance to help you confidently approve a formal business or share valuation by HMRC. Our team of experts will expertly guide you through every step of the company valuation process.

We offer sound advice on managing your shares, accounts, and company expansion plans. Rest assured that we can assist you with all HMRC valuation requirements and ensure that the report you submit is flawless and accurate. Contact us now to get your HMRC valuation!

Interested in issuing & managing shares?

If you want to start issuing and managing shares, Try out our Eqvista App, it is free and all online!